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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

Menu Logo Principal ministère de l'Agriculture (DGER) CNIV Bordeaux Sciences Agro Université Champagne-Ardenne IFV ISVV

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Bellée A, Comont G, Nivault A, Abou-Mansour E, Coppin C, Dufour MC, Corio-Costet MF (2017)

Life traits of four Botryosphaeriaceae species and molecular responses of different genotypes and cultivar of Vitis vinifera. Plant Pathology, 66 (5)-763-776 DOI: 10.1111/ppa.12623

Abstract

Botryosphaeriaceae is a fungal family comprising many species involved in Botryosphaeria dieback, a worldwide grapevine trunk disease. Currently, the interactions between Botryosphaeriaceae species and various grapevine cultivars are poorly understood and little data is available.

This study investigated various life traits of five isolates belonging to four species of Botryosphaeriaceae found in French vineyards (Diplodia mutila, Diplodia seriata, Lasiodiplodia viticola and Neofusicoccum parvum). The two species N. parvum and L. viticola exhibited the highest optimal growth temperature and the best growth rates. They were also responsible for the most extensive necrosis and cankers in three Vitis vinifera cultivars (Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and Ugni-Blanc) that differed in susceptibility to Botryosphaeria dieback, and in two genotypes resistant to downy and powdery mildew (RV4 and RV5).

Identification of the extracellular toxins produced by isolates in culture media showed that the N. parvum isolate had a different metabolite profile from the others, producing terremutin and salicylic acid derivatives, which are known to be compounds associated with virulence. In a second step, life traits were associated with nondestructive monitoring of gene expression involved in the defence mechanisms of five grapevine cultivars and genotypes after inoculation of wood cuttings with Botryosphaeriaceae. The transcript analyses were carried out at different times and were associated with principal component analysis (PCA). Each cultivar presented a specific transcript signature and several transcripts were correlated either with the size of necrosis/cankers or with symptom reduction, thus offering useful markers for breeding or estimating the defence status of plants.

Keywords

botryosphaeria dieback; defence gene expression; fungal toxin; grapevine trunk diseases; resistant genotypes; wood necrosis