Know more

About cookies

What is a "cookie"?

A "cookie" is a piece of information, usually small and identified by a name, which may be sent to your browser by a website you are visiting. Your web browser will store it for a period of time, and send it back to the web server each time you log on again.

Different types of cookies are placed on the sites:

  • Cookies strictly necessary for the proper functioning of the site
  • Cookies deposited by third party sites to improve the interactivity of the site, to collect statistics

Learn more about cookies and how they work

The different types of cookies used on this site

Cookies strictly necessary for the site to function

These cookies allow the main services of the site to function optimally. You can technically block them using your browser settings but your experience on the site may be degraded.

Furthermore, you have the possibility of opposing the use of audience measurement tracers strictly necessary for the functioning and current administration of the website in the cookie management window accessible via the link located in the footer of the site.

Technical cookies

Name of the cookie


Shelf life

CAS and PHP session cookies

Login credentials, session security



Saving your cookie consent choices

12 months

Audience measurement cookies (AT Internet)

Name of the cookie


Shelf life


Trace the visitor's route in order to establish visit statistics.

13 months


Store the anonymous ID of the visitor who starts the first time he visits the site

13 months


Identify the numbers (unique identifiers of a site) seen by the visitor and store the visitor's identifiers.

13 months

About the AT Internet audience measurement tool :

AT Internet's audience measurement tool Analytics is deployed on this site in order to obtain information on visitors' navigation and to improve its use.

The French data protection authority (CNIL) has granted an exemption to AT Internet's Web Analytics cookie. This tool is thus exempt from the collection of the Internet user's consent with regard to the deposit of analytics cookies. However, you can refuse the deposit of these cookies via the cookie management panel.

Good to know:

  • The data collected are not cross-checked with other processing operations
  • The deposited cookie is only used to produce anonymous statistics
  • The cookie does not allow the user's navigation on other sites to be tracked.

Third party cookies to improve the interactivity of the site

This site relies on certain services provided by third parties which allow :

  • to offer interactive content;
  • improve usability and facilitate the sharing of content on social networks;
  • view videos and animated presentations directly on our website;
  • protect form entries from robots;
  • monitor the performance of the site.

These third parties will collect and use your browsing data for their own purposes.

How to accept or reject cookies

When you start browsing an eZpublish site, the appearance of the "cookies" banner allows you to accept or refuse all the cookies we use. This banner will be displayed as long as you have not made a choice, even if you are browsing on another page of the site.

You can change your choices at any time by clicking on the "Cookie Management" link.

You can manage these cookies in your browser. Here are the procedures to follow: Firefox; Chrome; Explorer; Safari; Opera

For more information about the cookies we use, you can contact INRAE's Data Protection Officer by email at or by post at :


24, chemin de Borde Rouge -Auzeville - CS52627 31326 Castanet Tolosan cedex - France

Last update: May 2021

Menu Logo Principal ministère de l'Agriculture (DGER) CNIV Bordeaux Sciences Agro Université Champagne-Ardenne IFV ISVV

Home page

Haidar R, Deschamps A, Roudet J, Calvo-Garrido C, Bruez E, Rey P, Fermaud M (2016)

Multi-organ screening of efficient bacterial control agents against two major pathogens of grapevine. Biological Control, 92 (1) 55-65, doi:10.1016/j.biocontrol.2015.09.003


Botrytis cinerea and Neofusicoccum parvum are devastating fungal pathogens of grapevines. A total of 46 bacterial strains isolated from grapevines were screened for their antagonistic activity toward B. cinerea, which causes gray mold, and N. parvum, which causes cankers, trunk diseases and berry rot. In vivo screening using detached berries and leaf discs and in planta screening using growing grapevine cuttings were compared to select the most efficient biological control agents.

On grapevine leaf discs, the most effective strain, Bacillus ginsengihumi, exhibited more than 80% antagonistic activity against the two major grapevine subpopulations of Botrytis cinerea (transposa and vacuma). At the berry surface, the efficacy of the bacterial strains strongly depended on the presence or absence of wounds. On stem cuttings, some strains, notably Pantoea agglomerans, were able to significantly reduce the length of the necrosis caused by N. parvum. Thus, both the plant parts and the pathogen species may significantly affect the efficacy of the bacterial strain. Marked differences between the two fungal pathogen species in terms of strain inhibitory efficacy were observed on wounded berries, as some Bacillus spp. strains efficiently controlled B. cinerea but not N. parvum. Noticeable differences in bacterial antagonist efficiencies were detected between berries and leaf discs inoculated with B. cinerea (transposa), e.g., some Paenibacillus spp. strains were efficient on leaves but not on berries. Synergistic relationships were also revealed between several bacterial strains and the pathogens. Some bacterial strains (e.g.,Bacillus licheniformis) reduced B. cinerea rot severity in wounded and unwounded berries, but they increased N. parvum necrosis on stem cuttings.

Key words

Biocontrol ; Botrytis bunch rot ; Grapevine trunk diseases ; Vitis vinifera Botrytis cinerea Neofusicoccum parvum

Biological Control 92 (1) 55–65